Screening of epilepsy among Schoolchildren in Bandar Abbas, Iran

AUTHORS

Ahmadagha Negahi 1 , * , Fatemeh Seddiqh-Marvasti 2 , Shahram Zare 3 , Hamed Fallah 4 , Rouzbeh Pourkiani 4

1 Assistant Professor Department of Neurology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Neurologist, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Associate Professor Department of Community Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

4 General Practitioner, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Negahi A, Seddiqh-Marvasti F, Zare S , Fallah H, Pourkiani R. Screening of epilepsy among Schoolchildren in Bandar Abbas, Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2011 ; 15(2):e88470.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 15 (2); e88470
Published Online: March 14, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 09, 2010
Accepted: March 14, 2011

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Abstract

Introduction: Seizure is a clinical state that represents with abnormal and paroxysmal
discharges in cerebral cortex and epilepsy is a neurological disorder in which the patient has
experienced two or more seizures through cut life. The purpose of this study was screening
of epilepsy among school children in Bandar Abbas.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, among 63836 school children, 110 epilepsy cases
(aged 6-19 y/o) were diagnosed and evaluated. Data including demographic characteristics,
family history, past medical history, risk factors, treatment protocol and side effects of drugs
were recorded. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 software.
Results: The prevalence rate of epilepsy in our study was 1.7 per 1,000. The highest rate
of epilepsy was in the 6-11 years old age group (41.82%). Prevalence rate of epilepsy in
girls was more than boys. Family history of epilepsy was positive in 34 patients (30.91%).
Positive past medical history of febrile convulsion was reported in 52.73%, head trauma in
34.55% and meningoencephalitis in 2.73% of the cases. The results showed significant
relationship between epilepsy prevalence and history of febrile convulsion (P<0.05).
Generalized Tonic Clonic Epilepsy was reported in 41.82% of the cases.
Conclusion: In this study, positive history of febrile convulsion and family history of
epilepsy were two major risk factors but, age, sex and meningoencephalitis were not.

Keywords

Epilepsy – Screening - Child

© 2011, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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