The effect of social capital dimensions on burnout in female nurses

AUTHORS

Mohammad Khammarnia 1 , * , Sogand Tourani 2 , Ramin Mohammadi 3

1 Instructor Department of Public Health, Zahedan Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Health Services Management, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 MSc Student of Health Services Management, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Khammarnia M, Tourani S, Mohammadi R. The effect of social capital dimensions on burnout in female nurses, Hormozgan Med J. 2011 ; 15(3):e88487.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 15 (3); e88487
Published Online: December 28, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 11, 2010
Accepted: December 28, 2011

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Abstract

Introduction: Social capital is a multi-dimensional concept in social sciences and affecting
on many areas of society. Nurses are at high risk of burnout. Studies on burnout have
shown that social capital factors impact on burnout. This study aimed to determine the
impact of social capital dimensions on the burnout of female nurses in Hashemi Nejad
Hospital.
Methods: This was a descriptive - analytic study. The population study sample was the all
female nurses in Hashemi Nejad Hospital, (108 female nurses). Social capital and burnout
questionnaires were used to collect the data. For data analysis, descriptive statistics,
Spearman correlation coefficient and t-test were used by using SPSS.
Results: 70 nurses responded to the questionnaires. Female nurses showed highly emotional
exhaustion and depersonalization, however, in terms of person performance, they had bottom
exhausted. The findings showed that trust (P<0.01) and giving spirit (P<0.05) had
significant relationship with burnout and influencing on that.
Conclusion: Results showed that nurses have high burnout and social capital in some
components, affecting on that. Promoting the social capital dimensions in hospitals' staff
who are the most important service providers is crucial.

Keywords

Social – Burnout - Nurses

© 2011, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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