Evaluation of the relationship between growth status and dietary intake in under 10 years old children with thalassemia major

AUTHORS

Atefeh Asgharian 1 , * , Afsaneh Ahmadi 2 , Hamidreza Tabatabaei 3

1 Bachelor of Nutrition Sciences, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Abade, Iran.

2 Instructor Department of Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Professor Department of Epidemiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

How to Cite: Asgharian A, Ahmadi A, Tabatabaei H. Evaluation of the relationship between growth status and dietary intake in under 10 years old children with thalassemia major, Hormozgan Med J. 2010 ; 14(2):e88549.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 14 (2); e88549
Published Online: February 27, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 24, 2009
Accepted: February 27, 2010

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Introduction: Thalassemia major is the most common inheritable disease in Iran with
high prevalence in Fars province. Growth retardation is prevalent in this patients, mainly
due to malnutrition. The aim goal of this study was to determine the relationship between
growth status and nutritional intake. Patients under 10 years old with thalassemia major.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 62 below ten years old thalassemic children were
selected with systematic sampling. Growth status were determined based on WHZ and HAZ
and nutritional intake by 3 times 24h food recall and analysed with Food Processor
software. Statistic analysis was performed using Pearson correlation.
Results: 13.1%, 9.8% and 3.3 % of children had mild, moderate and sever degrees of
wasting, respectively. 43.5 %, 17.7 % and 3.2 % showed mild, moderate and severe degrees
of stunting. Wasting was more prevalent in younger children and stunting was more prevalent
in older children. Calorie, carbohydrate, vitamins A, C and E, zinc and iron intake were
significantly lower than references. A reverse relationship (P<0.05) was found between
calorie and carbohydrate intake and wasting, however, none of the nutrients showed any
relationship with stunting.
Conclusion: Growth retardation and nutritional deficiencies were prevalent in these
patients and a nutritious diet could improve growth, specially in lower ages.

Keywords

Child - Thalassemia Major – Growth - Nutrition Assessment

© 2010, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

References

  • 1.

    References are included in the PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: