Evaluation of Anthropometric features in adolescent girls of Rafsanjan, Iran - 2007

AUTHORS

Zinat Salem 1 , * , Reza Vazirinejad 2

1 Instructor, Department of Community Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

How to Cite: Salem Z, Vazirinejad R. Evaluation of Anthropometric features in adolescent girls of Rafsanjan, Iran - 2007, Hormozgan Med J. 2009 ; 13(1):e88629.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 13 (1); e88629
Published Online: October 28, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 29, 2007
Accepted: October 28, 2008

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Abstract

Introduction: Anthropometric measures are the most frequently tools for assessing both
nutritional and public health status. These indexes help recognizing individuals who are at
risk of obesity and underweight. Appropriate interventional approaches could then be
achieved. The present study aims to evaluate nutritional status of adolescent girls (11-18
years) in Rafsanjan using anthropometric indexes.
Methods: In this cross sectional study, 1221 adolescent girls were randomly selected
using a multiphase sampling method. Study checklist was completed after receiving a
written consent form, in a face-to-face interview. The weight, height and waist
circumference (WC) were measured by standard scale tape accurately. BMI was
calculated based on the weight, height and obesity as well as overweight was defined
based on BMI scores using CDC chart. Abdominal obesity was also detected based on
WC percentile for age. Data were analyzed using SPSS-12 software and Chi-square tests
and Pearson correlation coefficient are used where appropriate.
Results: Mean age of respondents was 14.3±1.7 years, and 11.2% and 2.4% of subjects
were overweight and obese, respectively. Our findings showed that 11.3% were
malnourished. The proportion of respondents with overweight and obesity in the two groups
of secondary and high school pupils were significantly different (P<0.05). Respondents living
in urban area were more frequently overweight than respondents had abdominal obesity.
Results showed correlation between BMI and waist circumference (r=0.08, P<0.01).
Conclusion: Our findings showed that overweight, obesity and underweight are common
health problems among secondary and high school pupils of Rafsanjan. Researchers suggest
other risk factors including hypertension and metabolic syndrome are likely involved.

Keywords

Nutritional Assessment – Body Mass Index – Waist Circumference – Female Adolescents

© 2009, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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