Carotid artery Intima-Media thickness and cardiovascular risk factors in chronic hemodialysis patients

AUTHORS

Hamid Reza Samimagham 1 , * , Seyed Hassan Mostafavi 2 , Forough Kheradmand 3 , Shafei Rahimi 4

1 Assistant Professor Department of Internal Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Radiology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 General Practitioner, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

4 Preventive Cardiac Risk Factor Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Samimagham H R, Mostafavi S H, Kheradmand F, Rahimi S . Carotid artery Intima-Media thickness and cardiovascular risk factors in chronic hemodialysis patients, Hormozgan Med J. 2009 ; 13(2):e88634.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 13 (2); e88634
Published Online: January 11, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 12, 2007
Accepted: January 11, 2009

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Abstract

Introduction: Common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) correlates
with cardiovascular mortality in patients under hemodialysis. In this investigation, we
evaluated relationship between CCA-IMT with dependent and independent
cardiovascular risk factors in chronic hemodialysis patients.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 51 chronic hemodialysis patients, (31
males and 20 females) were enrolled. left and right CCA-IMT were measured
using high resolution B-mode ultra sonography and maximum measure was
considered. Based on ultra sonographic findings, patients were divided into two
groups, one with carotid intima thickness of ≥0.8mm and another group with carotid
intima thickness of <0.8mm. Data was analyzed, using Minitab software.
Results: Mean age of these with carotid intima thickness ≥0.8mm was significantly
higher than these with carotid intima thickness <0.80mm (P<0.05), (60.7±8.4 vs
41.3±18.7). Although, there were differences in hemodialysis duration, systolic
and diastolic blood pressure, blood cholesterol and triglyceride LDL, diabetes
and smoking history of these two groups, but the differences were not significant.
Conclusion: This study indicates that there is no significant correlation between
CCA-IMT and cardiovascular risk factors in chronic hemodialysis patients.

Keywords

Hemodialysis – Cardiovascular Diseases - Carotid Artery Common – Tunica Intimae – Tunica Media

© 2009, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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