Comparison of coping mechanisms used by suicidal attempt patients, and those without suicidal history

AUTHORS

Fereydoun Jahangir 1 , * , Mohammadrafie Bazrafshan 1 , Alireza Zangouei 2 , Tahereh Raeisi 2

1 Instructor Department of Nursing, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Nursing Student, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

How to Cite: Jahangir F, Bazrafshan M, Zangouei A, Raeisi T. Comparison of coping mechanisms used by suicidal attempt patients, and those without suicidal history, Hormozgan Med J. 2009 ; 13(2):e88646.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 13 (2); e88646
Published Online: December 31, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 31, 2008
Accepted: December 31, 2008

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Abstract

Introduction: Care of suicidal attempted patient is a challenging task for all health
care providers. Coping mechanisms reduce suicide probability by decreasing severity
of stressors. Therefore, we aimed at investigating the coping mechanisms used by
suicidal attempted patients referred to hospital.
Methods: In this case-control study, cases (n= 50) were selected conveniently among
patients referred to Sahid Faghihi hospital, and control group selected with same
demographics as for cases. Both the groups were compared with respect to coping
mechanisms. Data were analyzed using t-test by means of SPSS software.
Results: Results showed that there were significant differences between case and
control group in problem focused coping and emotion focused coping strategy
(P<0.001). The controls had higher mean score in problem focused coping and the
emotion focused coping. A significant difference between case and control groups in
ineffective coping strategy was found. Ineffective coping strategy was used more
frequently among cases.
Conclusion: Our study suggest that health care providers should try to
enhance the skills in problem focused coping among suicidal attempt patients
as well as emotion focused coping while helping them to replace ineffective
coping strategy with effective coping strategy.

Keywords

Suicide – Suicide Attempted – Defense Mechanisms

© 2009, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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