The role of predischarge mothers’ education on follow-up examination of visual, hearing and brain problems in Preterm neonates

AUTHORS

Afsaneh Arzani 1 , * , Sima Mohammadkhan Kermanshahi 2 , Yadollah Zahedepasha 3 , Iraj Mohammadzadeh 4

1 Master of Nursing Education, Department of Pediatrics, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Nursing, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

How to Cite: Arzani A, Mohammadkhan Kermanshahi S, Zahedepasha Y, Mohammadzadeh I. The role of predischarge mothers’ education on follow-up examination of visual, hearing and brain problems in Preterm neonates, Hormozgan Med J. 2009 ; 13(2):e88648.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 13 (2); e88648
Published Online: October 13, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 06, 2008
Accepted: October 13, 2008

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Abstract

Introduction: Premature infants are at risk of developing hearing loss, blindness and
mental retardation. This study was carried to investigate the role of predischarge
mothers’ education on follow up examination of visual, hearing and brain problems
in preterm infants.
Methods: In a quasi-experimental study, 55 mothers of premature infants were
selected by random sampling method and assigned randomly into experimental and
interventional groups. A questionnaire consisting of demographic characteristics and
mother’s knowledge about premature infants was completed. Educational program was
performed in interventional group. The study subjects were followed for three months
after discharge where cases of indications and referrals were recorded. Statistical
analysis was carried out by SPSS software using Chi-Square and Fisher exact tests.
Results: Results shows that, in blindness examination, 91.6% of indications in
experimental group were follow up, which this rate in control group was 81.8%. In
heading examination, follow up rate in experimental and control group were 50%
and 3.4%, respectively. In brain sonography, follow up in examination group was
100% but the in control group was 33.3% of indications (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Our findings showed that the importance of predischarge mothers'
education on the survival of perform infants can not be over looked.

Keywords

Education – Infant Premature – Examination – Visual Screening – Hearing

© 2009, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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