Relationship between partner abuse during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes

AUTHORS

Mahrokh Dolatian 1 , * , Maryam Gharache 2 , Mahboubeh Ahmadi 1 , Jamal Shams 3 , Hamid Alavi Majd 4

1 Instructor Department of Midwifery, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Midwifery, Islamic Azad University Gachsaran Branch, Gachsaran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Department of Psychiatry, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Associate Professor Department of Biostatistics, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Dolatian M, Gharache M, Ahmadi M, Shams J, Alavi Majd H. Relationship between partner abuse during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes, Hormozgan Med J. 2010 ; 13(4):e88793.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 13 (4); e88793
Published Online: July 27, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 08, 2008
Accepted: July 27, 2009

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Abstract

Introduction: Abuse in pregnancy could be a risk factor for poor pregnancy outcomes.
Abuse during pregnancy effecting mother may impair the health of fetus directly or
indirectly. This study was designed to determine the relationship between abuse in
pregnancy and pregnancy outcome in pregnant referred to Gachsaran hospital, Iran.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 500 pregnant women attending
Gachsaran hospitals chosen by convenience sampling. A questionnaire consisting of
demographic characteristics of samples and their partners, abuse screening and information
of pregnancy outcome was administered. Validity and reliability of tool was respectively
done using content validity and test retest. By using SPSS software, t-test, exact Fisher test,
Mann Whitney and Chi-square tests were used for statistical analysis.
Results: The results showed significant correlations between pregnancy abuse and maternal
(only abortion and preterm birth) and fetal outcome such as and fetal death (P<0.05).
Conclusion: We showed that the necessity of care to women health, PROM, low birth
weight, especially during pregnancy, and a decrease in abuse improves adverse outcome on
pregnant women. Routine screening program to eliminate pregnancy abuse is required.

Keywords

Violence – Domestic Violence – Pregnancy – Pregnancy Outcome

© 2010, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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