Knowledge and attitudes of Isfahan township's Behvarzes toward prevention of oral and dental diseases

AUTHORS

Heydar Khademi 1 , * , Naser Kaviani 2 , Abdolmehdi Araghizadeh 3 , Mohammadreza Djafari 4

1 Assistant Professor Department of Oral Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Oral Maxillofacial, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Department of Community Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

4 Dentist.

How to Cite: Khademi H, Kaviani N, Araghizadeh A, Djafari M. Knowledge and attitudes of Isfahan township's Behvarzes toward prevention of oral and dental diseases, Hormozgan Med J. 2007 ; 11(1):e89115.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 11 (1); e89115
Published Online: August 13, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 01, 2005
Accepted: August 13, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: Behvarzes are responsible for offering the initial health care including
oral and dental health in rural societies. Hence their knowledge and attitude toward
oral and dental hygiene and health is a matter of importance. This study was carried
out to assess the knowledge and attitudes of Isfahan township's Behvarzes toward
prevention of oral and dental diseases.
Methods: This descriptive-analysis study was done in 2001 on 143 (33 male and 110
female) Behavarzes who were working in health centers of Isfahan province. The
questionnaires filled by behvarzes included 25 questions on knowledge and 10
questions about attitude. SPSS software, t-test and analysis of variance were used for
data analysis.
Results: Knowledge mean score was 13.95±2.39 out of 20 and attitude mean
score was 25.33±2.39 out of 30. There was a significant direct correlation between
knowledge and attitude (P<0.001). No significant relationship between knowledge
and gender was observed. Indirect correlation was seen between working years and
the level of knowledge and attitude.
Conclusion: Mean knowledge of Behvarzes about oral and dental hygiene was not
favorable, but their attitude toward it was positive. Educating Behavrzes regarding
these issues is mandatory for excelling their knowledge. The indirect relationship
between knowledge and working years entails planning educational courses for the
veteran Behvarzes.

Keywords

Knowledge – Attitude – Oral Health – Oral Hygiene – Dental Care

© 2007, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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