Depression during pregnancy and its related factors

AUTHORS

Shabnam Omidvar 1 , * , Farzan Kheirkhah 2 , Hassan Azimi 3

1 Instructor Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Psychiatry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

3 Biostatistician, Azad Islamic University Babol Branch, Babol, Iran.

How to Cite: Omidvar S, Kheirkhah F, Azimi H. Depression during pregnancy and its related factors, Hormozgan Med J. 2007 ; 11(3):e89562.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 11 (3); e89562
Published Online: August 14, 2007
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 12, 2004
Accepted: August 14, 2007

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Abstract

Introduction: Depression is the greatest problem threatening mankind's health and
perhaps it could be regarded as the most prevalent disease of the current century.
Depression during pregnancy can diminish pregnant women's refer for seeking
prenatal care, leading to preterm labor and lowbirth weight neonates, so this survey
was conducted to study this issue.
Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic study in which 191 pregnant women who
had referred to health centers for prenatal care, participated in the study. They filled
out a questionnaire including two parts: demographic data and Beck standard
questionnaire. Data was analyzed by SPSS software, using Chi-Square test.
Results: In 28.8% of the participants, symptoms of depression was seen to
various degrees: 17.3% mild, 9.4% moderate and 2.1% severe. There was a
significant relation between depression and following factors: person's education
and employment (P<0.001), satisfaction with the husband (P<0.0001),
husband's assistance in housekeeping (P<0.01), type of family and supports by
the family and relatives (P<0.01), husband's education (P<0.01), being
concerned about delivery expenses (P<0.05), accident or tension close to
perinatal period (P<0.0001) and conjugal dispute (P<0.05). Depression had no
significant relation with unwanted pregnancy, husband's occupation, age at
pregnancy, number of children, age difference with husband, marriage with one's
consent, pregnancy history, and physical activity.
Conclusion: Regarding the obtained results, it seems that pregnancy period is a
suitable time for screening mothers who are at risk of depression. Furthermore,
family consultant and holding consultation classes for young couples is mandatory.

Keywords

Pregnancy - Depression - Questionnaires

© 2007, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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