Effective factors on smoking behavior based on BASNEF model in dormitory students of Isfahan medical sciences university


Gholamreza Sharifi Rad 1 , * , Aziz Kamran 2

1 Associate Professor Department of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Instructor Department of Community Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.

How to Cite: Sharifi Rad G, Kamran A. Effective factors on smoking behavior based on BASNEF model in dormitory students of Isfahan medical sciences university, Hormozgan Med J. 2008 ; 11(4):e89603.


Hormozgan Medical Journal: 11 (4); e89603
Published Online: February 24, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 29, 2007
Accepted: February 24, 2008




Introduction: According to American surgeons' theory, the leading and most
preventable cause of death is tobacco use. This country has an annual mortality rate
of 440000 individuals to tobacco use. The prevalence of tobacco use is increasing
among the young while the age at beginning to smoke is decreasing. The goal of this
survey is to investigate effective factors on smoking behavior with BASNEF model
in dormitory students of Isfahan medical sciences university.
Methods: This descriptive-analytic study included 100 students at dormitories
(Jey and Kharrazi) of Isfahan medical sciences university who were smoking and
selected by simple random sampling. Data gathering was done by a questionnaire
designed by investigator, which had been examined regarding validity and
reliability. Chi-Square and ANOVA tests and Pearson correlation coefficient
were used for data analysis.
Results: The results indicate that easy accessibility to cigarette (44%) and cigarettesmoking
friends (52%) are the most prevalent ones among enabling factors evoking
smoking behavior and subjective norms respectively. Chi-Square test revealed that
there is a significant relationship between enabling factors and initiation time of
smoking and also between subjective norms and smoking in father (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The results demonstrate that subjective norms and enabling factors
which affect smoking behavior are important.


Cigarette Smoking - BASNEF Model – Behavior - Students

© 2008, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.



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