Dental damages in non-insulin dependent diabetes patients

AUTHORS

Heydar Khademi 1 , * , Naser Kaviani 2 , Manouchehr Mesripour 3 , Sharareh Ahmadi 4

1 Assistant Professor Department of Oral Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor Department of Oral Anxillofacial, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Professor Department of Biochemistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

4 Dentist.

How to Cite: Khademi H, Kaviani N, Mesripour M, Ahmadi S. Dental damages in non-insulin dependent diabetes patients, Hormozgan Med J. 2006 ; 10(1):e89790.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 10 (1); e89790
Published Online: March 11, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 01, 2005
Accepted: March 11, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: Changes in saliva and its biochemical content in diabetic patients
can effect on supportive dental tissues and cause dental damage. Low
carbohydrate diets, and good control of disease can reduce dental damage in
diabetics. The aim of this study was to compare dental damage in patients with
non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients and healthy
individuals.
Methods: In this case-control study, a number of 151 NIDDM patients aged 35-
80 years were the case group and the same number of healthy people referred to
dental clinic were selected as control group. Both group’s oral cavity was
examined and DMFT index in the groups was compared. T-test and correlation
coefficient were used to analysis the data.
Results: The average of DMFT in NIDDM patients was 16±7.79 that was
significantly more than in healthy people (P<0.001). Dental caries in NIDDM
patients and healthy people did not differ significantly, but the average of missing
teeth in NIDDM patients was significantly higher than that in healthy people
(P<0.001).
Conclusion: Higher DMFT index and number of missing teeth in NIDDM
patients my be due to effect of the disease on saliva, the dental supportive tissue
and poor oral hygiene in these patients or progressive caries of teeth that leads to
end stage of dental life and extraction of teeth.

Keywords

Dental Care – Dental Caries – Diabetes Mellitus Non-insulin – Dependent

© 2006, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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