Prevalence of opioid use based on urine sample among men referred to one of the clinical laboratories in Kerman,Iran

AUTHORS

Kooros Divsalar 1 , * , Nozar Nakhaei 2 , Manzoomeh Shamsi Maimandi 3 , Shahriar Dabiri 4 , Roohallah Karimi Afshar 5

1 Expert of Pertaining to Research, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

3 Instructor, Department of physiology & Pharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

4 Professor, Department of Pathology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

5 Medical Lab Technician, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

How to Cite: Divsalar K, Nakhaei N, Shamsi Maimandi M, Dabiri S, Karimi Afshar R. Prevalence of opioid use based on urine sample among men referred to one of the clinical laboratories in Kerman,Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2006 ; 10(1):e89792.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 10 (1); e89792
Published Online: September 23, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 23, 2004
Accepted: September 23, 2005

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Introduction: Comparing to other health problems, substance use epidemiology
is a new area of research in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the
prevalence of opioid use among referees to a clinical laboratory by drug testing.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the urine sample of 1120 consecutive
individuals referred to a major clinical laboratory in Kerman city were tested for
opioid metabolites anonymously. At first, a screening test was done on samples
(chromatographjic Immunoassay test, Enison, U.K) and then solid-liquid column
chromatography and thin layer chromatography (Sam phannavar, Tehran, Iran)
was done on positive samples as a confirmatory test. The results were analyzed
using Chi-Square test and descriptive methods.
Results: Ninety-three percent of subjects were urban dwellers and the mean
(±SD) age of the sample studied was 46.5 (±16.5). In 28.4% (318) of the
specimens the screening test became positive and thin layer chromatography
confirmed half of them as true positive. So, 14.4% of samples were positive
regarding opioid metabolites.
Conclusion: Although individuals attending laboratory clinics may not be a
representative sample of the whole Kermani population, but the relatively high
figures obtained have significant implications for further research.

Keywords

Opioid Peptides – Urine – Men

© 2006, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

References

  • 1.

    References are included in the PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: