Study on disorders of referrer of exceptional education to speech therapy clinic of Bandar Abbas during 2004-2005

AUTHORS

Homa Naseh 1 , *

1 Speech & Language Pathologist, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

How to Cite: Naseh H. Study on disorders of referrer of exceptional education to speech therapy clinic of Bandar Abbas during 2004-2005, Hormozgan Med J. 2006 ; 10(3):e90135.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 10 (3); e90135
Published Online: August 13, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 07, 2005
Accepted: August 13, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: Communication disorders have been acknowledged as a major
public health issue because they compromise early childhood development,
restrict vocational attainment and undermine the socioeconomic state of people.
Problem in reading, which is a concept of human language abilities, can be
efficacious in all educational and social aspects of human life. The objective of
this study was investigation of different speech disorders among referrers to
speech therapy clinic of educational office of Bandar Abbas.
Methods: The study was descriptive cross-sectional and all patients were referred
from the screening of health assessment program or kindergartens, or introduced by
physicians during 2004-5. The data was reported as frequency and partial frequency.
Results: From 172 patients with 3-15 years old, 30.2% were girls and 69.8%
were boys. The most common disorder was articulation disorder with a rate of
79.1%. Delayed speech and language was the second common disorder in 17.4%
of referrers. Stutter was observed in 2.3% of visited children. The last disorder
was dysartheria in two children (1.2%). Voice and resonance disorder as well as
aphasia were not observed in the studied cases.
Conclusion: In this investigation majority of children were 4-6 years old,
including the kindergartens children with due attention to other studies that
reported speech disorders of this age group 8-12%, the cause of high rate of
referred children in this age group showed the good quality of health assessment
program and close collaboration of kindergartens educators for identification and
introducing these children to speech therapy centers. The articulation disorder
(79.1%) had the highest rate of disorders. With due attention to relation between
phonological disorders, dyslexia and learning disorders, treatment of this disorder
has a special importance, particularly before introducing to the primary school.
Speech disorders were limited because of families don’t know about speech
therapy and which cases should be referred to speech therapy clinics. They also
don’t know the problems that originates from relationship disabilities. Finally
another important reason may be the weak relationship between speech therapists
and physicians, especially E.N.T specialists and neurologists.

Keywords

Speech Disorders – Child – Bandar Abbas

© 2006, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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