Comparing the effects of lecture presentation and pamphlet on knowledge and attitude of female senior students in Sirjan high school about AIDS

AUTHORS

Sima Karimi 1 , Majid Kazemi 2 , * , Ziba Shaabani Shahr Babaki 3 , Reza Vazirinejad 4

1 Instructor Department of Nursing, Sirjan Azad Islamic University, Sirjan, Iran.

2 Instructor Department of Nursing, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Department of Internal Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor Department of Community Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

How to Cite: Karimi S, Kazemi M, Shaabani Shahr Babaki Z, Vazirinejad R. Comparing the effects of lecture presentation and pamphlet on knowledge and attitude of female senior students in Sirjan high school about AIDS, Hormozgan Med J. 2006 ; 10(3):e90140.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 10 (3); e90140
Published Online: June 25, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 28, 2005
Accepted: June 25, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: The prevalence of the AIDS in the world is brutally increasing and
becoming a global emergency problem. Increasing knowledge can cause disease
prevention. This study was conducted for comparing the effects of two
educational methods:
face to face education and, distribution of pamphlets among to female high
school seniors in Sirjan.
Methods: This research is based on a semi-experimental study on 300 female
high school seniors in Sirjan conducted in 2004, using a multiple stage cluster
sampling method. The sample was randomly divided into three groups. Their
knowledge and attitude towards the AIDS disease were evaluated before and after
intervention. In the control group there was no intervention. In the second group
we distributed pamphlets and in the third group we educated the students face to
face. We then evaluated their knowledge and attitudes after the intervention by
SPSS software, fisher and t-tests.
Results: The results indicated that comparing the control group’s knowledge and
attitudes before and after intervention, there was no significant change, but
increased knowledge in the educated groups (face to face and pamphlet
distribution) was noticed, but the attitude in the face to face group was more
positive after intervention and the difference is meaningful (P<0.05).
Conclusion: These results indicated that pamphlet and face to face methods for
increasing knowledge and face to face method for excelling attitude towards
AIDS is suggested.

Keywords

Education –Knowledge – Attitude – Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - Sirjan

© 2006, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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