Susceptibility of Anopheles Fluviatilis James to different insecticides in Bandar Abbas Township, 2003

AUTHORS

Mehran Shahi 1 , * , Hassan Vatandoost 2 , Mohammadreza Abaei 3 , Ahmadali Hanafi Bojd 3

1 Instructor Department of Medical Entomology & Vector Control, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Associate Professor Department of Medical Entomology & Vector Control, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Instructors Department of Medical Entomology & Vector Control, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Shahi M, Vatandoost H, Abaei M, Hanafi Bojd A. Susceptibility of Anopheles Fluviatilis James to different insecticides in Bandar Abbas Township, 2003, Hormozgan Med J. 2007 ; 10(4):e90154.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 10 (4); e90154
Published Online: June 25, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 25, 2005
Accepted: June 25, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: An estimated population of 40% of Hormozgan province, southern
Iran, live mainly in mountainous areas in close contact with Anopheles
Fluviatilis. This specie has highly exophilic and anthropophilic behaviors and is
one of major malaria vectors in the mountainous areas of Hormozgan province.
This study was conducted to assess the irritability and susceptibility level of An.
Fluviatilis to different insecticides.
Methods: This cross-sectional study measured susceptibility level of this Anopheles
specie to DDT, Dieldrin, Malathion, Fenitrothion, Propoxur, Bendiocarb, Permethrin,
Deltamethrin and Cyfluthrin insecticides using recommended diagnostic dose of WHO.
Irritability test was carried out by conical chamber exposure method using WHO
standard kits to survey the irritability effect of four pyrethroids including,
Lambdacyhalothrin, Permethrin, Cyfluthrin and Deltamethrin. The findings were
analyzed by analysis of variance and P<0.05 was considered significant
Results:. The obtained results showed that this specie is susceptible to all tested
insecticides and larvicides. The irritability test showed that Permethrin and
Deltamethrin were the most and least irritant insecticides, respectively.
Conclusion: It seems that all evaluated larvicides and insecticides should undergo
laboratory studies before their applications in Anopheles control programs in the area.

Keywords

Anopheles – Malaria - Insecticides – Bandar Abbas

© 2007, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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