Anxiety and depression in patients admitted in cardiac care unit, Taleghani hospital, Tehran, Iran, 2003

AUTHORS

Narges Beyraghi 1 , * , Seyed Hassan Tonekaboni 2 , Ghazaleh Vakili 3

1 Assistant Professor, Departments of Psychiatry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Pediatrics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 General Physician.

How to Cite: Beyraghi N, Tonekaboni S H, Vakili G. Anxiety and depression in patients admitted in cardiac care unit, Taleghani hospital, Tehran, Iran, 2003, Hormozgan Med J. 2006 ; 9(4):e90558.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 9 (4); e90558
Published Online: December 24, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 07, 2004
Accepted: December 24, 2005

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Abstract

Introduction: There is a significant co-action between psychiatric disorders and
cardiac diseases. Management of psychiatric disorders in cardiac disease patients
can lead to promotion of life quality and reduction in treatment costs. The aim of
this study was investigating the frequency of anxiety and depression in cardiac
disease patients and also the effect of treatment of these psychic disorders on
cardiovascular patients after their admission in Taleghani hospital cardiac ward.
Methods: In this cross sectional study, we evaluated 50 cardiac patients for
depression and anxiety in three consecutive surveys by hospital anxiety and
depression scale (HADS). The treatment status and psychiatric referral rate was
also assessed. The results were presented using descriptive statistics.
Results: The prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms were 72% and
90%, respectively. Tricyclic antidepressants were prescribed for 14% and
benzodiazepines for 30% of patients. While 14 patients were treated by anti
depressant medications, only one psychiatric consultation was requested.
Conclusion: This study confirms the high prevalence of depressive and anxiety
symptoms among hospitalized cardiac patients. We need to develop collaboration
and liaison activities for managing these comorbidities.

Keywords

Anxiety – Depression – Cardiovascular Diseases

© 2006, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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