Knowledge and practice about breast self examination in women who referred to Babol health centers, Mazandaran, Iran

AUTHORS

Hajar Salmalian 1 , *

1 Instructor, Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

How to Cite: Salmalian H. Knowledge and practice about breast self examination in women who referred to Babol health centers, Mazandaran, Iran, Hormozgan Med J. 2006 ; 9(4):e90567.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 9 (4); e90567
Published Online: December 24, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 31, 2005
Accepted: December 24, 2005

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Abstract

Introduction: One third of all women’s cancers are breast cancer. It is estimated
that using screening methods causes 30% decrease in death rates due to breast
cancer in over 50 years old women. The best method of screening at present is
breast self examination (BSE) and mammography. The aim of this study was to
investigate knowledge and practice of 20-60 years old women in Babol about
breast self examination.
Methods: In this descriptive and analytic study, 160 females of 20-60 years old
age, were randomly selected. Data was collected using a pre-designed
questionnaire and observations. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and Chi-
Square statistical test were used.
Results: The findings revealed a weak women’s knowledge and practice on
breast self examination (55.6% and 66.9%, respectively). Women’s knowledge
was significantly related to age (P<0.001), job (P<0.001), living place
(P<0.025), and previous breast examinations (P<0.001), but there were not a
significant relationships with education and information resources. Women’s
practice had significant relationship with previous breast examinations
(P<0.001). There was also a significant linear relationship between women’s
knowledge and practice (P<0.005).
Conclusion: The obtained results recommend teaching programs about breast self
examination for all age groups to promote women’s health.

Keywords

Breast – Breast Self - Examination – Knowledge – Babol

© 2006, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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