Acuto myocardial infarction in a girl with systemic lupus erythematosus: a case report

AUTHORS

Nourmohammad Noori 1 , Shahrokh Rajaei 2 , * , Akbar Shahmohammadi 3

1 Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Iran University of Medical Sciences.

How to Cite: Noori N, Rajaei S, Shahmohammadi A. Acuto myocardial infarction in a girl with systemic lupus erythematosus: a case report, Hormozgan Med J. 2006 ; 9(4):e90568.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 9 (4); e90568
Published Online: January 02, 2006
Article Type: Case Report
Received: March 25, 2005
Accepted: January 02, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multi-system
autoimmune disease that is uncommon in the pediatric population. The
cardiovascular system may be affected during the course of systemic lupus
erythematosus. Coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction are rare in
young patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Case report: We present a girl who was diagnosed with SLE at the age of 8
years and suffered an acute myocardial infarction at the age of 14. Risk factors
for her coronary artery disease were hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and
relatively long duration of active disease with nephrotic syndrome and chronic
use of steroid.
Conclusion: Although myocardial infarction is rare in children with systemic
lupus erythematosus, this complication should be considered in these cases.

Keywords

Lupus Erythematosus Systemic – Myocardial Infarction – Child

© 2006, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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