Assessment of the effect of education program on knowledge, attitude and preventive behaviors of the barbers in Babol about hepatitis B (2003)

AUTHORS

Ali Zabihi 1 , * , Karimallah Hajian 2

1 Departments of Nursing, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

2 Community Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

How to Cite: Zabihi A, Hajian K. Assessment of the effect of education program on knowledge, attitude and preventive behaviors of the barbers in Babol about hepatitis B (2003), Hormozgan Med J. 2004 ; 8(3):e90706.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hormozgan Medical Journal: 8 (3); e90706
Published Online: September 06, 2004
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 10, 2004
Accepted: September 06, 2004

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Abstract

Introduction: Hepatitis are the most prevalent liver diseases. After tuberculosis
and malaria, hepatitis is the most prevalent contagious disease in the world.
Nearly 350 millions people in the world are chronic carriers of hepatitis B and
3% of our people in Iran are carriers of this virus (approximately 2, 500.000).
Hepatitis B is the primary factor of chronic hepatitis, liver deficiency and liver
cancer in Iran. The prevalence rate of hepatitis B in barbers compared with other
groups is higher and the first general action towards preventing hepatitis B is
health education to general population and especially to the groups at risk.
Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the effect of education on
knowledge, attitude and preventive behaviors of barbers in Babol.
Methods: We conducted an interventional study with quasi experiment in which
80 individuals of barbers in Babol were chosen by using random systematic
method. The tool for gathering information was: a questionnaire filled out with
interview and observation. The questionnaire has four parts: The first part deals
with the individual characteristics, the second part deals with the questions based
on knowledge and the third part deals with the questions based on attitude and the
fourth deals with the preventive actions of hepatitis disease.
The interview and observation were done in two stages before and after the health
education program.
Results: The finding showed that the rate of good knowledge before the
education was 32.5% and it increased up to 93.8% after the education and the
positive attitude (81% to 100%) and suitable health behaviors after the education
showed an increase rate from 7.5% to 18.8%. As a whole, there was a significant
(p<0.001) between the average of knowledge, attitude and health behaviors,
before and after the education.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that education has an effective
role on the promotion of knowledge, attitude and health behaviors of barbers
regarding hepatitis B. Therefore it is advised that we should consider to have reeducational
program and continuing education programs for barbers by our health
workers in case of contagious disease especially hepatitis B.

Keywords

Attitude – Knowledge - Hepatitis B - Health Education – Babol

© 2004, Hormozgan Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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